Validity and Reliability of the Malay Version of Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-M) Among A Group of Nursing Student

Nurasikin MS, Aini A, Aida Syarinaz AA, Ng CG


Background: Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) is a brief and easy to use instrument for measurement of religious commitment. Objective: The aim of this study was to validate the Malay version of DUREL (DUREL-M) among a group of nursing students. Methods: This is a cross-sectional validation study conducted in a nursing school involved a group of year 1 nursing students. The students were given the Malay version of DUREL, Malay version of General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Malay version of Brief COPE, Malay version of Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS21), English version of DUREL. A week later, they were again given the Malay version of DUREL. Results: The instrument displayed good parallel reliability (0.70), test-retest reliability (0.68) (Spearman’s rho, p<0.01) and fair internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.45). The positive correlation with the positive items in Brief COPE and negative correlation with the Malay version of GHQ and DASS confirmed its validity. Exploratory factor analysis using principle component extraction indicated that a single factor structure of the 5-items DUREL-M. Conclusions: The Malay version of DUREL demonstrated good psychometric properties in measuring religious commitment among a group of nursing student. It could be used on young educated Malaysian adolescents.

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