Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Women with Major Depressive Disorder

Tavakoli H, Rezaei O, Dolatshahi B


Objective: Disturbance in emotion and cognition is the core feature of major depressive disorder (MDD), which can be expressed as a negative bias in processing information after experiencing stressful events. This examines the use of cognitive emotional regulation strategies by a cohort of adult female patients with a major depressive disorder.


Method: A cross-sectional was designed for this study. 40 women with MDD were selected as patient samples and 40 non-clinical females as the control group. Both samples were selected by a purposive method. Pearson correlation between the subscale test and analysis of data was performed by independent-samples t-test.


Result: There were significant differences in cognitive emotion regulation strategies among individuals with MDD compared with the normal samples in these subscales: self-blame (p=0.007), rumination (p=0.001), positive refocusing (p=0.008), refocus on planning (p<0.0001), positive reappraisal (p =0.001), putting into perspective (p=0.035), catastrophizing (p<0.0001) and other- blame (p =0.023). However, in the subscale of acceptance (p=0.549), no significant difference could be observed between patients and the control group.


Conclusions: These findings mentioned that poorer cognitive emotional strategies were used by MDD patients in comparison with the health control. Focus on the proper use of cognitive emotion regulation strategies can lead to a better control in stressful situations by patients and can help them to manage their emotional processing.


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Major Depressive Disorder; Cognitive Strategies; Emotion Regulation

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